Software is the new hardware, but can it also detect hardware errors? The compulsion for higher software quality is omnipresent in the automotive industry. At the same time, established suppliers and OEMs get under competitive pressure from start-ups. Exhaust gas control (reduction and reporting), vehicle safety, cybersecurity and autonomous driving challenge the software developers. A large amount of data comes together and must be protected accordingly. Besides, new regulatory and normative requirements such as ISO/SAE 21434 and the UNECE regulation on cybersecurity require the establishment of a Cyber Security Management Systems (CSMS). The “software is the new hardware” credo is also leading to organizational changes, with quality assurance having to focus more on software development and technical compliance. Risk assessments and process audits must be organized and evaluated if a compliance safe vehicle is to be brought to market.